TRAI issues draft regulations for Digital Right Management in Set Top Boxes
As per the draft, the purpose of DRM is to prevent unauthorised redistribution of digital media and restrict ways consumers can copy content they have purchased
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has issued the Telecommunication (Broadcasting and Cable) Services Interconnection (Addressable Systems) (Amendment) Regulations, 2019. The draft includes Digital Right Management system (DRM) in Set Top Boxes apart from many other regulations.
The authority has included DRM specifications in Schedule III of this regulation. As per the draft, the purpose of DRM is to prevent unauthorised redistribution of digital media and restrict the ways consumers can copy content that they have purchased.
DRM products were developed in response to the rapid increase in online piracy of commercially marketed material, which proliferated through the widespread use of peer-to-peer file exchange programmes.
The authority has observed that Schedule III of the Interconnection Regulations 2017 does not provide for the requirements and specifications of DRM-based systems. The authority during its consultations on audit manual received the feedback that owing to its benefits the IPTV based DPOs are switching to DRM technology.
It is necessary that the Audit regime covers the DRM-based networks and provides for enabling provisions for such operators. Accordingly, Schedule III of the Interconnection Regulations 2017 dated March 3, 2017, has been amended.
The draft also instructs that all STBs should have a Conditional Access System or Digital Rights Management (DRM) for content protection. The STB should be capable of decrypting the Conditional Access messages inserted by the head-end. In case of DRM, the STB should be capable of decrypting the messages inserted by the DRM.
The draft regulations also take into account issues related to transactional capacity of CAS and SMS System, Fingerprinting – Support for Overt and Covert fingerprinting in STBs, Transactional capacity of CAS and SMS systems, apart from DRM.
A consultation paper on “Interconnection framework for Broadcasting TV Services distributed through Addressable Systems” was issued by TRAI on May 4, 2016. This consultation process resulted in the notification of the Telecommunication (Broadcasting and Cable) Services Interconnection (Addressable Systems) Regulations, 2017 (1 of 2017) dated March 3, 2017.
During the consultation undertaken to prepare the Audit Manual certain comments and observations reflect some issues in the Schedule III of the Interconnection Regulations 2017.
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