The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has recommended steps for improving the effectiveness of National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI), which was instrumental in dishing out the hugely successful .IN registration.
NIXI was set up by the Department of IT on the recommendation of TRAI to ensure that Internet traffic – originating and destined for India – is routed within India only. But TRAI observed that a limited number of ISPs had joined the NIXI node. The regulator identified the problem in the non-interconnected (standalone) NIXI nodes and the fact that some ISPs were not announcing all their routes on NIXI, which was resulting in a lot of domestic Internet traffic still being routed via abroad.
In addition, the cost of resources (leased lines) required for connecting ISP’s node to the NIXI node is also holding back smaller ISPs (class ‘B’ and ‘C’) from non-metro cities to join NIXI nodes in the metros.
In view of the stalemate, TRAI has recommended that four nodes of NIXI be interconnected with each other and setting up of NIXI nodes in all state capitals of the country. The regulator also wants the Exchange to make it mandatory to announce the routes of all the ISPs connected to NIXI. TRAI considers it crucial so that it can be utilised as a test bed by the ISPs for transition from IPv4 to IPv6.
TRAI has also recommended subsidising the cost of leased lines for category B and category C ISP nodes to a NIXI node for purposes of promoting their connectivity with NIXI and restructure the Board of Directors of NIXI for effective participation from the applicable constituencies.