The Information Technology Act, 2000 was being amended with a view to provide legal framework for certain types of cyber crimes such as data theft, transmission of images, video voyeurism, etc, Dayanidhi Maran, Minister of Communications & Information Technology, said while speaking at the seminar on ‘Cyber Crime: Today and Tomorrow’, organised by Nasscom, on Tuesday.
The major cyber crimes reported in India are denial of services, defacement of websites, spam, computer virus and worms, pornography, cyber squatting, cyber stalking and phishing. “The amended Act will further envisage appointing an examiner to examine the digital evidence and render all necessary assistant to the police authorities, as well as to the courts,” Maran said.
Due to lack of training of the police in the field, many of the cyber crimes in the country are booked under the Indian Penal Code, rather than the IT Act. Speaking further on the subject, Maran said that while the computers were used to commit acts of blue-collared crimes such as pornography, threatening e-mail, defamation, etc., the same computers were made the target of crime in the form of viruses, worms, industrial espionage, software piracy and hacking of websites, etc.
Websites with the addresses co.in and gov.in are mostly targeted as nearly 1,400 Indian websites have been attacked in the first half of 2006 alone. The intrusion originates both from within the country and outside, Maran noted. 55 per cent of such threats are from outside, he added.
The Minister further said that the Government on its part had taken a number of initiatives. Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) is operational and provides necessary assistance to prevent security breaches. It also regularly monitors cyber security scenario in the country to protect critical information infrastructure. It has proposed to impart training in the field from the third week of August.
The Minister lauded Nasscom’s initiative to create an industry-wise registry of IT professionals. Kiran Karnik, President Nasscom and Pradeep Udhas, Executive Director, KPMG India, also addressed the seminar.